Why the Population of Nigeria is Growing So Rapidly: The Role of Women
Nigeria is the 7th most populous country in the world with a population of 182,574,000 people. The growth rate is also among the fastest at 3% per year. This rapid increase in population has been attributed to many factors including improved healthcare and nutrition for mothers and children; better maternal health care; increased access to family planning services; lower fertility rates due to education about contraception methods; more women entering the workforce or starting businesses because of economic necessity or desire for self-expression (Nigerian Women Entrepreneurs).
The role that women play in Nigeria's economy has changed dramatically over time. Traditionally, Nigerian society dictated that men should be breadwinners while wives take care of household duties like cooking and childrearing
Section 1: Nigeria's population growth rates
While Nigeria's population growth rate is growing at a slow rate, the rate is still very high compared to other countries. Many believe that Nigeria's rapid population growth rate is the result of economic growth. In order to improve Nigeria's economic growth rate, officials have started implementing policies that encourage birth control.
Most recently, President Muhammadu Buhari ordered the lifting of the restriction on implantable contraceptive implants for women. According to Nigerian officials, this decision was made because a majority of the population are youths and there were concerns that more children would be born and more Nigerians will join the workforce.
What we know about the role of women in Nigera
The role of women in Nigeria's economy has changed dramatically over time. Traditionally, Nigerian society dictated that men should be breadwinners while wives take care of household duties like cooking and childrearing. In recent years, however, men have also entered the workforce, and the employment rate for women has increased considerably, from 53% to 60%.
Women are increasingly pursuing higher education and holding positions in leadership, which results in women becoming part of corporate and political leadership. The government is making efforts to improve women's economic empowerment by investing in the gender equality agenda.
How women are changing the Nigerian economy
Women are currently the highest earning group in Nigeria (2012). There has also been a significant increase in the percentage of women working in the informal sector, which is very important because this sector is significantly smaller than the formal economy. The Bureau of Statistics estimates that 7.6% of the Nigeria's labour force are women in the informal sector compared with only 5.9% in the formal sector, and this percentage is growing.
Whilst the economy is strong, women still face a myriad of challenges, from low education, income and control of family budgets to high risk of gender-based violence, low life expectancy and poverty.
According to the Bureau of Statistics, the mean personal income of Nigerian men is N1.73 million per annum while women are only getting N997,000.
The future of Nigeria and its population
The growth rate of the population of Nigeria is still very fast compared to other countries, but the numbers don't suggest it can grow by 6% per year like the FAO report claims. There are indications that population may slow down because of increased fertility rates and a decrease in fertility rate in the country.
There are always two sides to every story, and the one that I just read on Nigeria's Population and Agriculture shows that there is a lot more to the population story than many believe.
In the last twenty years, Nigeria's population has grown at a very fast rate. For example, in 1996, the population was estimated at around 61.8 million people.
Women are not only a group with unmet economic needs, but women in Nigeria are also profoundly engaged in achieving change in this world. Nigerian women are currently making tremendous strides in the field of education, health, politics, technology, and many other social areas.
The current efforts of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to improve the health of mothers and children, combined with the good work of many government and non-government organizations, are making a positive impact. According to the United Nations, women in developing countries are the key to success for ending the global maternal and child mortality epidemic by 2030.
Citizen action is fundamental to changing policies and creating new opportunities. As a Nigerian, you have an opportunity to make an impact.